was in the pretransitional period. Furthermore, possible trends of abortion during the transitional growth stage can be discerned in a few societies, such as Chile and Korea.
Although Japan is now considered a developed nation, her recent demographic history illustrates what can occur in a developing country which is propelled through a sequence of accelerated social, economic, and demographic transitions (7). During Japan's transition, fertility and mortality underwent profound changes within the relatively short time in which Japan accomplished this transition.
In Figure 1 the Japanese and Swedish transitions are compared to contrast a recent transition with an earlier one. From 1920 to 1948, the Japanese birth rate remained at a fairly high level, around 35 per 1,000 population. During the same period the death rate declined from 25.4 in 1920 to 14.6 per 1,000 in 1947. The obvious result was a tremendous increase in the Japanese population; it rose from 55,391,000 in 1920 to 78,101,000 in 1947-an overall increase of 41 percent.
1735 1775 1815 1855 1895 1935 1975
SWEDEN JAPAN -----------B.R. _______B.R.
Figure 1. The demographic transition in Sweden and Japan (B.R. = birth rate; D.R. death rate).
Sources: (9, 10). examination of demographic correlates }f abortion in western societies.